Lu, G., Xie, K., Zhang, W., Liu, Q., Zhang, N., & Mei, L. (2019). Toward real-time data collection: The application, value and prospect of experience sampling method. E-education Research, 6, 19-26. (In Chinese) DOI:10.13811/j.cnki.eer.2019.06.003
Experience sampling method（ESM） enables us to examine human experiences at the time of an event in a spontaneous, authentic context. In the era of “Internet +”, the emergence of new technologies and tools has promoted the development of ESM, making it a new method for educational research. Traditionally, to collect real-time data in natural situations, ESM reminds subjects using auxiliary tools (such as alarm), so that subjects would report themselves at any random time or close to event occurrence. Compared with other self-report methods (such as questionnaire), ESM measures individuals’ changes in natural and real situations, which is beneficial to reduce the social desirability and recall biases of the subjects. ESM emphasizes the vertical and dynamic educational research under the real situations, focuses on authenticity and contextuality of learners’ inner state, and pays attention to the dynamic and regularity of individuals’ learning experience, which helps to improve the quality and precision of educational quantitative research.