Xie, K., & Hawk, N. (2017). Technology’s role and place in student learning: What we have learned from research and theories. In J.G., Cibulka, & B.S. Cooper (eds.), Technology in School Classrooms: How It Can Transform Teaching and Student Learning Today (pp. 1-17), Rowman & Littlefield: Lanham, MD. ISBN-10: 1475831048
The use of technology in general, and computers more specifically, has increased in both our society and in our classrooms. Modern technologies have become more powerful, more accessible, more distributed, and more intelligent. For example, mobile device ownership in the US has steadily increased over the past ten years, with 90% of adults owning a mobile device and 60% owning a smartphone (Anderson, 2015). In addition, the participatory concept of Web 2.0 has reshaped the landscape of the Internet. The media and content on the web have grown substantially. Newer types of technology, such as location aware services, sensor technologies, open platform technologies, cloud computing technologies, artificial intelligence, argument reality, are changing human experiences. New experiences with the technology are created that involve users being integrated within their real context, that use services for everyday tasks, such as driving directions or targeted marketing, and opportunities exist for greater collaboration with peers and experts around the world. These new forms of experiencing the world increase the authenticity of informal, in-time learning, central to the non-classroom-based society today and critical to lifelong learning.